In the United States
, a historic district
is a group of buildings, properties
, or sites that have been designated by one of several entities on different levels as historically or architecturally significant. Buildings, structures, objects and sites within a historic district are normally divided into two categories, contributing
and non-contributing. Districts greatly vary in size: some have hundreds of structures, while others have just a few.
The U.S. federal government designates historic districts through the United States Department of Interior
under the auspices of the National Park Service
. Federally designated historic districts
are listed on the National Register of Historic Places
(NRHP), but listing on the NRHP imposes no restrictions on what property owners may do with a designated property. State
-level historic districts may follow similar criteria (no restrictions) or may require adherence to certain historic rehabilitation standards. Local historic district designation offers, by far, the most legal protection for historic properties because most land use decisions are made at the local level. Local districts are generally administered by the county or municipal government. The tendency of local districts to place restrictions on property owners causes them to be the targets of the most resistance from the public.
The first historic district was located in Charleston, South Carolina
and predated the first U.S. federal government designated district by more than... Read More