The history of Cheshire
can be traced back to primitive tools that date to the Hoxnian Interglacial
, between 38,0000 BC and 40,0000 BC. Stone Age archeology has been found showing more permanent habitation during the Neolithic
period, and by the Iron Age the area is known to have been occupied by Celtic Cornovii
occupied Cheshire for almost 400 years, from 70AD, and created the town and fort of Deva Victrix
, now Chester
. After the Romans withdrew, Cheshire formed part of Mercia
, a Saxon kingdom, that saw invasions from the Welsh
. The Norman Conquest
in 1070 saw Cheshire harsh rule by the occupiers as local people resented the invaders and rebelled. War again swept the county with the English Civil War
in 1642, despite an attempt by local gentry to keep the county neutral.
The industrial revolution
saw population changes in Cheshire as farm workers moved to the factories of Manchester
. The 18th and 19th centuries saw a resurgence in the country houses of Chester and bought canals and the railway.
Contemporary Cheshire is now a ceremonial county
administered by four unitary authorities; Cheshire East
, Cheshire West and Chester
, and Warrington
. Cheshire retains the offices of Lord Lieutenant
and High Sheriff
for ceremonial purposes.
Cheshire's name was originally derived from an early name for Chester, and was first recorded as Legeceasterscir
in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles
,Harris, B.... Read More