The history of Clark Air Base
dates back to the late 19th century when it was settled by Filipino military forces. The United States established a presence at the turn of the century.
The Americans first come to Angeles
In the late 19th century, a British
company working under contract to the colonial Spanish
administration, had completed the Manila
Railroad and at the time of America's victory over the Spanish, this still represented the best means of transportation in Luzon. Following the incidents that led to the beginning of US-Philippine hostilities
and Emilio Aguinaldo
's withdrawal to the north from Manila, the American forces attempted to seize control of this valuable line of communication. The Philippine Army
, numbering about 15,000, was just as determined to defend this vital link, and during 1899, fought a series of unsuccessful battles with US forces.
On March 17, 1899, General Aguinaldo moved the seat of his government from Nueva Ecija
to the town of Angeles
, which lay astride the Manila-Dagupan Railroad, and there celebrated the first anniversary of the Philippine Republic, on June 12, 1899. The Republican government remained hard-pressed by the American advance, and in July, Aguinaldo moved his government again, this time, to the town of Tarlac
, further to the north.
The battle for Angeles began on August 13, 1899 and lasted for three days. Opposing the U.S. Army
's VIII Corps, commanded by Major General Arthur MacArthur
, were Philippine... Read More