History of communism

History Of Communism

History of communism

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The history of the political ideology of communism hypothetically stretches all the way from the Palaeolithic up until the present day. However, most modern forms of communism are based upon Marxism, a variant of the ideology formed by the sociologist Karl Marx in the 1840s. Various historical movements and societies that have stressed egalitarianism and common ownership of goods have been described as communist, including hunter-gatherer societies and early Christianity. Marxism subsequently gained support across much of Europe, and under the control of the Bolshevik Party, a communist government seized power during the Russian revolution, leading to the creation of the Soviet Union, the world’s first Marxist state, in the early 20th century.

During ensuing decades, communist governments took power in many parts of the world through conquest, including most of eastern Europe, eastern Asia and parts of Africa. During the late 1980s and early 1990s most of these communist regimes collapsed and adopted capitalistic economic policies, even if remaining nominally communist, like the People’s Republic of China. Today, communist governments control countries like Cuba and Nepal.

Various historians have studied the history of communism, including Robert Service and Archie Brown, many of whom have taken a negative view of the ideology, which they viewed as having a tendency towards authoritarianism, totalitarianism and for allowing human rights abuses.

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