, located on Ireland
's south coast, is the Republic of Ireland
's second largest city and the largest city in the province of Munster
. Its history dates back to the 6th century.
Cork has it beginnings in monastic
settlement, founded by St Finbar
in the sixth century. However the ancestor of the modern city was founded between 915 and 922, when Viking settlers established a trading community. The Viking leader Ottir Iarla
is particularly associated with raiding and conquests in the province of Munster
. The Cogad Gáedel re Gallaib
connects this with the earliest Viking
settlement of Cork. The Norse phase of Cork's history left a legacy of family names, such as Cotter
and Coppinger, peculiar to Cork which are claimed to have Norse origins. In the twelfth century, this settlement was taken over by invading Anglo-Norman settlers
. Cork's city charter was granted by King John of England
in 1185. Over the centuries, much of the city was rebuilt, time and again, after numerous fires. The city was at one time fully walled, and several sections and gates remain. The title of Mayor of Cork was established by royal charter in 1318, and the title was changed to Lord Mayor in 1900.
A settler outpost
For much of the Middle Ages, Cork city was an outpost of Old English
culture in the midst of a predominantly hostile Gaelic
countryside and cut off from the English government in the Pale
. Neighbouring Gaelic and......