- This is the history of the former City of Dartmouth (1750-1996). Any historical information subsequent to its dissolution should be placed in the History of the Halifax Regional Municipality.
founded in 1750, is a Metropolitan Area and former city in the Canadian province
of Nova Scotia
Dartmouth and the neighbouring metropolitan area of Halifax
form the urban core of the Halifax Regional Municipality
(HRM). Both cities, along with the town of Bedford
and the Municipality of the County of Halifax were dissolved on April 1, 1996 when they were amalgamated into HRM.
Establishing a Protestant settlement on shores of Chebucto (Dartmouth/ Halifax) was a strategic British manoeuver to control Acadia and defeat France in North America. The claims the Mi'kmaq
had to the land were virtually ignored. The Mi'kmaq
occupied the region for centuries. The Mi'kmaq called the area Boonamoogwaddy, which means "Tomcod Ground" in reference to the fish which were presumably caught in this part of Halifax Harbour
. There is evidence that bands would spend the summer on the shores of the Bedford Basin
, moving to points inland before the harsh Atlantic winter set in. The Mi'kmaq resisted the settlement of Dartmouth by the British.
One of Halifax's last surviving Mi'kmaq communities was located near present-day Tuft's Cove
but was devastated in the December 6, 1917 Halifax Explosion
. Today the Millbrook First Nation has a small satellite reserve in Cole Harbour
on... Read More