The Iberian Peninsula
has been inhabited for at least 500,000 years, first by Neanderthals
and then by modern humans.
- Main article Prehistoric Galicia.
, northern Portugal
, western León
, and Zamora
formed a single megalithic
area since the Neolithic
(also called Copper Age
) Ages, around 4500–1500 BCE.
This was the first great culture to appear in Galicia and was characterized by its surprising capacity for construction and architecture. This was combined with deep sense of religion, based on the cult of the dead, the mediators between man and the gods.
Many historians believe that Megalithic culture had two sources: an oriental source that was predominant in the Mediterranean
area, and one in the Atlantic, which originated north of the Tagus
River. The latter, because of its geographical proximity to Galicia, would explain the abundant traces of megalithic culture in this area. That this should be the first great culture also meant that it constituted one of the basic pillars that was to endow Galicia's cultural personality.
From this era there remains thousands of dolmens
), a type of tomb or sepulchre, throughout the entire territory. From its social organization it has been confirmed that it corresponded to some type of clan structure.
The introduction of bronze-working techniques introduced a new cultural stage, when the new importance of metals resulted in intense mining... Read More