is a small state on the western coast of India
. Even though it is the smallest of all Indian states it has played a very noteworthy role in Indian history
. Goa was one of the major trade centers in India, thus it had always been attracting the influential dynasties, seafarers, merchants, traders, monks and missionaries since its earliest known history. Through the passage of time, Goa has undergone a constant flux, transition, change and transformation, which has left an indelible impression on various aspects of cultural and socio-economic development of Goa.
The first literary reference to Goa is mentioned in the Bhishma Parva
which means the region of cows.Even though there are no archeological and historical evidences, Hindu scriptures
, as its creator(see:Skanda Purana
). He is said to have settled ten sages in this land and performed fire sacrifices. Another legend has that after performing the penance, the seven sages or the Saptarshis
were blessed by lord Shiva
therefore known as Saptakoteshwar
. Further Lord Shiva is believed to have taken up temporary residence after having tiff with his consort Parvati
. Yet another legend says that Lord Krishna
the king of Magadha
mountain in Goa. (see:Hari Vamsha purana
In Suta Samhita Govapuri
or Goa is associated with spiritually cleansing......