The recorded history of Lahore
(), a city-district
of modern-day Pakistan
, covers thousands of years. Originally the capital and largest city of the Punjab region
, it has since its creation changed hands from Hindu
rule to becoming the cultural capital and the heart of modern day Pakistan.
A mythological legend, based on oral traditions, states that Lahore was named after Lava
, son of the Hindu
, who supposedly founded the city. To this day, the Lahore Fort has a vacant temple dedicated to Lava (also pronounced Loh, hence "Loh-awar" or The Fort of Loh). Likewise, the Ravi River
that flows through northern Lahore was named for the Hindu goddess Durga
Ptolemy, the celebrated astronomer and geographer, mentions in his Geographia a city called Labokla situated on the route between the Indus River and Palibothra, or Pataliputra (Patna), in a tract of country called Kasperia (Kashmir), described as extending along the rivers Bidastes or Vitasta (Jhelum), Sandabal or Chandra Bhaga (Chenab), and Adris or Iravati (Ravi).
The oldest authentic document about Lahore was written anonymously in 982 and is called Hudud-i-Alam
. It was translated into English
by Vladimir Fedorovich Minorsky
and published in Lahore in 1927. In this document, Lahore is referred to as a small shahr
) with "impressive temples, large markets and huge... Read More