History of Palermo

History Of Palermo

History of Palermo

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Palermo is one of the major cities of Italy.

First settlements

Human settlement in the Palermo area goes back to Prehistoric Age. It is as one of the most ancient sites in Sicily. Interesting graffiti and prehistoric paintings were discovered in the Addaura grottoes in 1953 by archaeologist Bovio Marconi. They portray dancing figures performing a propitiatory rite, perhaps shamans.

Greeks and Phoenicians

In 734 BC Phoenicians from Tyre established a flourishing merchant colony in the Palermo area. The relationship of the new city with the Siculi, the people living in the Eastern part of the Island involved both commerce and war.The first building in which soon became a great city was called Mabbonath ("lodging" in Phoenician). It was the most important of the three buildings forming the “Phoenician triangle” cited by Thucydides. The others were the Motya and Soluntum. Only traces of the necropolis remain from the Phoenician age in Palermo.

Between the 8th and the 7th century BC, the Greeks colonized Sicily. They called the city Panormus ("All port") and traded with the Carthaginians, Phoenician descendants who were creating an empire from the coast of what is today’s Tunisia.The two civilizations lived together in Sicily until the Roman conquest. The Greek colony of Panormus had two nuclei: the Palepolis ("ancient city"), between the two rivers Kemonia and Papirethos, and the Neapolis ("new city"). Curiously, early Naples was...
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