History of Spain (1975–present)

History Of Spain (1975–Present)

History of Spain (1975–present)

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For all intents and purposes, the history of modern Spain began with the death of dictator Francisco Franco on the 20 November 1975, the accession of King Juan Carlos I to the throne and the establishment of the parliamentary monarchy. In 1978, the current Spanish Constitution of 1978 was signed and the status of Spain's Autonomous Regions was defined.

Road to elections (1975-1977)

In the uncertainty after Franco's death, the political situation could have taken one of three turns:

  • Continuity of the previous, fascist regime. This idea was backed by Franco's government officials, (the "bunker"), high ranking military officers and numerous oligarchs and falangists.
  • A complete overhaul of the previous system. Sectors of the opposition who supported this move assembled as the Junta Democráctica. However, fearing a reaction from the military, other members of the opposition preferred concessions with the previous regime, thus creating the Plataforma de Convergencia Democrática.
  • A gradual reform of the previous system and the introduction of a constitutional monarchy. This idea was championed by the King, who had a minority of followers.


In his coronation speech, the King had opened the possibility for reform along the lines of constitutional monarchy. However, for this to be possible, high-ranking officials from the previous regime had to be ejected from power.

The first act the King did was to name Torcuato Fernández Miranda, his old teacher, as the President...
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