The history of Test cricket between 1884 and 1889
was one of English
dominance over the Australians
. England won every Test series that was played. The period also saw the first use of the word "Test
" to describe a form of cricket when the Press used it in 1885. It has remained in common usage ever since.
In 1883 England had won the first Ashes series
by beating Australia 2-1 away, though they had lost a fourth extra Test played at the end of their Australian tour. However, this last Test proved to be a blip as English dominance remained for the rest of the 1880s. Of the 19 England-Australia Tests played in the period from 1884 to 1889, England won 14, Australia 3, with 2 draws.
1889 saw the first English team to tour South Africa
. England won both representative matches easily. These matches, and those on the other early English tours of South Africa, were only recognised as Tests retrospectively, the first official tour not taking place till 1905-6.Barclay's World of Cricket
, 2nd edition, Collins, 1980, ISBN 0-00-216349-7, p287.
English summer of 1884
The first representative match of 1884 to 2000 was held at Lancashire's
ground, Old Trafford
, making it the first such match played there. The practice at the time was that the host ground authority would select the team. First Lancashire asked Lord Harris
to captain the side, but he refused as he was unhappy about the proposed selection of John Crossland
, a bowler, who many considered a... Read More