The History of the England national rugby union team
covers the period from 1871, when England played Scotland in the first ever rugby union international, to the present day.
The game of rugby union
developed out of the game of football that was played at Rugby School
from the mid-18th century. In the first half of the 19th century, the game began to spread, as ex-pupils of Rugby, and other public schools
, introduced it into the universities. At Cambridge University
, in 1839, a game was organised between Old Rugbeians and Old Etonians, and a rugby club was formed at Guy's Hospital
in 1843. In 1848, representatives of the major public schools agreed a code of rules. On 26 January 1871, a meeting was held in London that led to the founding of the Rugby Football Union
. Following a challenge from Scottish members, teams representing England and Scotland met at Raeburn Place
, on 27 March 1871 in the first ever international rugby union match. Scotland won by four points to one, in front of 4,000 people.
In a return match at the Kennington Oval
, London, on 5 February 1872, England won 8-3 (three tries
, one conversion and one drop goal, to one drop goal). The next game between the two nations was at Hamilton Crescent
, and... Read More