is an Ugric language
. It has been spoken in the region of modern-day Hungary
since the Magyar invasion of Pannonia
in the late 9th century.
The predecessor language of Hungarian separated from the Ob-Ugric
languages, probably still during the Bronze Age
. There is no attestation for a period of close to two millennia. Old Hungarian
is attested fragmentarily in epigraphy in the Old Hungarian script
beginning in the 10th century, and isolated Hungarian words are attested in manuscript tradition from the turn of the 11th century.The oldest surviving coherent text in Old Hungarian is the Funeral Sermon and Prayer
, dated to 1192.
The Old Hungarian period is by convention taken to cover Medieval Hungary
, from the invasion of Pannonia in AD 896, to the collapse of the Kingdom of Hungary following the Battle of Mohács
of 1526.A Middle Hungarian
phase is by convention taken to last from 1526 to 1772, i.e. from the first books printed in Hungarian to the Age of Enlightenment
, which promted language reforms
that resulted in the modern literary Hungarian language.
Separation from Common Uralic
The history of the Hungarian language
begins with the Uralic
era, in the Neolithic
age, when the linguistic ancestors of all Uralic languages were living together, in the area of the Ural Mountains
There are many words which are... Read More