The history of the Mass Rapid Transit system of Singapore
commences with its planning in the 1960s, leading to its opening in 1987 with the launch of the 6 km section of the North South Line
from Yio Chu Kang Station
to Toa Payoh Station
. It now has 4 lines in operation with a total combined route length of 138 km and 88 stations
. The Light Rail Transit
which opened in 1999 acts as a feeder service to the MRT network.
Construction of backbone network
The idea of constructing a rapid transit
line in the country was initiated in 1967, when a four year State and City Planning study conducted by the Singapore government and the United Nations Development Programme
. It was part of an urban renewal and development project which aimed to formulate a long-term comprehensive concept plan for guiding the country's future physical development. It was concluded that physical land constraints faced by the island nation, was not able to accommodate more roads to meet the rise in transportation demands. It was noted that the city state needed a rail transit system by 1992.
Bus vs. rail debate
It took 10 years since 1972 to design the MRT system, which continued all the way until the government gave permission to build the MRT.
Between 1972 and 1980, the participants of the study was the late President Ong Teng Cheong
. He was then a member of the Ministry of National Development
's Planning Department, after returning from... Read More