The History of the University of Calcutta
began in 1857; it is the oldest of the modern universities in India.
It was founded in 1857 during the administration of Lord Canning
(1856–1862), the Governor General of India
. Dr Fredrick John
, the education secretary to the then British Government in India, first tendered a proposal to the British Government in London for the establishment of a university in Calcutta, along the lines of London University, but at that time the plan failed to obtain the necessary approval. However, a proposal to establish two universities, one in Calcutta and the other in Bombay was later accepted in 1854 and the necessary authority was given. The Calcutta University Act
came into force on 24 January 1857 and a 41-member Senate was formed as the policy making body of the university. When the university was first established it had a catchment area
covering the area from Lahore
(now in Myanmar
) — the largest of any Indian university.
The first Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor of the Calcutta University were Governor General Lord Canning
and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Sir James William Colvile
, respectively. In 1858, Joddu Nath Bose
and Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
became the first graduates of the university.
On 30 January 1858, the Syndicate of the Calcutta... Read More