Zionism as an organized movement is generally considered to have been fathered by Theodor Herzl
in 1897; however the history of Zionism
began earlier and related to Judaism
and Jewish history
. The Hovevei Zion
, or the Lovers of Zion
, were responsible for the creation of 20 new Jewish settlements in Palestine between 1870 and 1897.
Before the Holocaust
the movement's central aims were the creation of a Jewish National Home
and cultural centre in Palestine by facilitating Jewish migration
. After the Holocaust, the movement focussed on creation of a "Jewish state
" (usually defined as a secular state with a Jewish majority), attaining its goal in 1948 with the creation of Israel
Since the creation of Israel, the importance of the Zionist movement as an organization has declined, as the Israeli state has grown stronger.
The Zionist movement continues to exist, working to support Israel, assist persecuted Jews
and encourage Jewish emigration to Israel
. While most Israeli political parties
continue to define themselves as Zionist, modern Israeli political thought is no longer formulated within the Zionist movement.
The success of Zionism has meant that the percentage of the world's Jewish population
who live in Israel has steadily grown over the years and today 40% of the world's Jews live in Israel.... Read More