Holbeck Hall Hotel
was a clifftop hotel
, North Yorkshire
, owned by English Rose Hotels. The hotel had scenic views of the sea and surrounding area. It was built in 1879 by George Alderson Smith as a private residence, and was converted to a hotel in 1993. On 3 June 1993, a landslide began beneath the hotel. This increased, and finally on 5 June 1993, a day of heavy rain, parts of the building dramatically fell into the sea, making news around the world. The remainder of the building had to be demolished by contractors.
Althugh it was on a clifftop, an information board at the top of the cliff states that the incident was nothing to do with the sea, blaming it on soil creep
. This is a common problem in Scarborough, with several paths and pavements clearly starting to slip down the hill. Before the cliff collapsed, there had been some very heavy rainfall, resulting in the muddy cliff turning into a sludge. This flowed downhill - quite rapidly for a muddy bank - and ultimately took the hotel with it. In total 27,000m² of mud fell into the sea, and protruded 100 metres further into the sea than the original coastline. At the bottom of the cliff is a pathway which protects it from the North Sea
. This was flooded under the mud. When the hotel was built, the pathway was not there, and so Smith was warned that it would be liable to collapse into the sea - a warning which he ignored. Following his death, the pathway was installed,... Read More