Also known as amateur-built aircraft
or kit planes
, homebuilt aircraft
are constructed by persons for whom this is not a professional activity. These aircraft may be constructed from "scratch," from plans, or from assembly kits.Armstrong, Kenneth: Choosing Your Homebuilt - the one you will finish and fly! Second Edition
, pages 39-52. Butterfield Press, 1993. ISBN 0-932579-26-4Peter M Bowers: Guide to Homebuilts - Ninth Edition
. TAB Books, Blue Ridge Summit PA, 1984. ISBN 0-8306-2364-7
In the United States
and New Zealand
, homebuilt aircraft may be licensed Experimental
or similar local regulations. Provided that the owner has done at least 51% of the construction work themselves they can also apply for a repairman's certificate for that airframe. The repairman's certificate allows the holder to perform and sign off on most of the maintenance, repairs, and inspections themselves.Alberto Santos-Dumont
was the first to offer for free construction plans, publishing drawings of its Demoiselle
in the June 1910 edition of Popular Mechanics. The first aircraft to be offered for sale as plans, rather than a completed airframe, was the Baby Ace
in the late 1920s.
Homebuilt aircraft gained in popularity in the US in 1924 with the start of the National Air Races
, held in......