June 2003The first Act was passed in June 2003 and authorized US$29.4 billion for Homeland Security.
The Act 2004 (PL 108-90) consisted of US $31 billion to be spent on:
$5.6 billion for Project BioShield - to be used by the Department of Health and Human Services to finds ways to protect Americans (i.e., vaccines and treatments) from biological, or chemical, or radiological threats
$4 billion of grants to create "first responders" as the first line of defense against threats to the United States; $40 million towards Citizen Corps Councils and other funds to the United States Coast Guard towards the Container Security Initiative
$900 million in this bill will go to science and technology projects