Homshetsi dialect

Homshetsi Dialect

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Homshetsi dialect

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Description:
Homshetsi (Հոմշեցի - Homshetsi lizu, Homshetsma, "the Hamshen language"; ) is an archaic Western Armenian dialect spoken by the Eastern group and the Northern group of Hamshenis (Hemshinli), an ethnic group living in northeastern Turkey, Abkhazia and Russia.

It is practically a dialect and mutually intelligible with Armenian. However, due to its speakers' distinct profile, it is widely regarded as an ethnolect. It is not a written language and a slightly modified Turkish alphabet in Turkey and Armenian alphabet (by Christian immigrants from Hamshen who refer to the language as Homshetsma (Հոմշեցմա)) in Russia and Abkhazia are used for limited purposes. A sub-dialect is spoken in Eşmekaya (Ardala) village in Hopa.

Hemşince is a spoken language amongst the Eastern Hemshinli, also known as the Hopa Hemshinli, who live in a small number of villages in Turkey's Artvin province. The Western Hemshinli, a related but geographically separate group living in Rize province, also spoke it until sometime in the 19th century. They now speak only Turkish but preserve within it many Hemşince loanwords. A third group, the northern Homshentsik, who live in, also speak a variety of Homshetsma.

The language existed only in spoken form until 1995, when the linguist Bert Vaux designed an orthographic...
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