(Thomas) Howell Cobb
(September 7, 1815 – October 9, 1868) was an American
political figure. A Southern Democrat
, Cobb was a five-term member of the United States House of Representatives
and Speaker of the House
from 1849 to 1851. He also served as a Secretary of Treasury
under President James Buchanan
(1857–1860) and the 40th Governor of Georgia
He is, however, probably best known as one of the founders of the Confederate States of America
, having served as the Speaker of the Provisional Confederate Congress, when delegates of the secessionist states issued creation of the Confederacy.
Cobb served for two weeks between the foundation of the Confederacy and the election of Jefferson Davis
as first President. This made him, as the Speaker of the Congress, provisional Head of State at this time.
Early life and career
Born in Jefferson County, Georgia
, Cobb was raised in Athens, Georgia
, and attended the University of Georgia
where he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society
. He was admitted to the bar in 1836 and became solicitor general of the western judicial circuit of Georgia.
He married Mary Ann Lamar on May 26, 1835. They would have eleven children, the first in 1838 and the last in 1861. Several did not survive out of childhood, including their last, a son who was named after Howell's brother, Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb
He was elected as Democrat
to the 28th
and 31st Congresses
. He was chairman of the U.S. House......