( Hrishikesh Mukhopaddhae/Mukharji
(see naming conventions
)) (30 September 1922–27 August 2006) was a famous Indian film director
known for a number of films, including Satyakam
, Chupke Chupke
, Gol Maal
, and Namak Haraam
Popularly known as Hrishi-da
, he directed 42 films during his career spanning over four decades, and is named the pioneer of the 'middle cinema' of India. Renowned for his social films that reflected the changing middle-class
ethos, Mukherjee "carved a middle path between the extravagance of mainstream cinema and the stark realism of art cinema". Rediff.com
. Special Photo feature, Rediff.com
, 28 August 2006.
He also remained the chairman of the Central Board of Film Certification
(CBFC) and of the National Film Development Corporation
(NFDC), and was awarded the 1999, Dada Saheb Phalke Award
, India's highest award in Cinema for Lifetime achievement.
Early life and background
Hrishikesh Mukherjee was born in Calcutta, he studied science and graduated in chemistry from the University of Calcutta
. He taught mathematics and science for some time.
Mukherjee chose to begin working, initially as a cameraman, and then film editor
, in B. N. Sircar
's New Theatres in Calcutta
in the late 1940s, where he learned his skills from Subodh Mitter ('Kenchida'), a well known editor of his... Read More