Hungarian noun phrase

Hungarian Noun Phrase

Hungarian noun phrase

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Description:
This page is about noun phrases in Hungarian grammar.

Syntax

The order of elements in the noun phrase is always determiner, adjective, noun.

Grammatical marking

Hungarian does not have grammatical gender or a grammatical distinction between animate and inanimate.

Plurality

Hungarian nouns are marked for number: singular or plural.

However, Hungarian uses the plural form sparsely for nouns, i.e. only if quantity is not otherwise marked. Therefore the plural is not used with numerals or quantity expressions. Examples: öt fiú ("five boys"); sok fiú ("many boys"); fiú'k ("boys").

In phrases that refer to existence/availability of entities, rather than their quantity, the singular is used in Hungarian (unlike in English): Van szék a szobában "There are chairs in the room", Nincs szék a szobában "There aren't chairs in the room". (The singular may be considered as partitive here.) Also, product names are usually written out in the singular, e.g. Lámpa "Lamps".

Hungarian also uses a singular noun when the possessor is plural but the thing possessed is singular, e.g. a fejünk ("our heads", where each person has one head).

The plural noun marker is the suffix -ok/(-ak)/-ek/-ök/-k.

Before possessive suffixes, the plural k appears as ai or ei, e.g.:

  • (lakás vs) lakás'ok ("flats/apartments")
  • (lakásom vs) lakás'aim ("my flats/apartments")


When used predicatively, adjectives are...
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