(1735 – 1817) was an Egyptian Mamluk
chieftain of Georgian
origin.Mikaberidze, Alexander, "Ibrahim Bey", in: Gregory Fremont-Barnes (ed., 2006), The Encyclopedia of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
, Vol. 2, p. 471-2. ABC-CLIO, Inc.
Ibrahim Bey was born as Abram Shinjikashvili (აბრამ შინჯიკაშვილი) into the family of a Christian
priest in Martqopi
in the eastern Georgian province of Kakheti
. As a child, he was captured by Ottoman slave
raiders and sold out in Egypt where he was converted to Islam
and trained as a Mamluk. Through loyal service to Muhammad Bey Abu l'Dhahab
, the Mamluk ruler of Egypt
, he rose in rank and attained to the dignity of bey
. With time he emerged as one of the most influential Mamluk commanders, sharing a de facto
control of Egypt with his fellow Caucasian Murad Bey
. The two men survived through the persistent Ottoman attempts at overthrowing the Mamluk regime and civil strifes.
At the Battles of the Pyramids
and the Heliopolis
Ibrahim fought against Napoleon
's armies, but was defeated on both occasions. These defeats effectively ended his reign over the country, and he died in obscurity in 1817, having survived Mohammad Ali Pasha
's 1811 massacre of Mameluke leaders.Kahle, P.
, "Ibrāhīm Bey", in: M. Th. Houtsma, E.... Read More