The ICE 1
is the first series of German high-speed trains
and one of five in the InterCityExpress
family. Revenue service at speeds up to started in 1991. It was raised to in May 1995 and later reduced to again. Today, only a handful of ICE 1 services on the Nuremberg-Ingolstadt high-speed rail line
Trainsets consist of two power cars
) and up to 14 intermediate cars (Classes 801 to 804
). Occasionally, power cars and intermediate cars of the ICE 2
are used as well (Classes 402, 805 to 808). Unlike later ICE generations, trainsets always operate as a whole train and units cannot be coupled in regular service.
One of the 60 trainsets (trainset 51) was destroyed in the Eschede train disaster
. The others were refurbished between 2005 and 2008. Refurbished trainsets will remain in service for ten to fifteen additional years.
ICE 1 trains consist of two powerheads and 9 to 14 intermediate cars. Because trainsets are not separated in regular service, they are multiple units
from an operational point of view. During the refurbishment, which was completed in late 2008, trainsets were being standardized to 12 intermediate cars.
Until the refurbishment was completed, there had been three different configurations of ICE 1 trainsets:
- Refurbished trainsets consist of two power cars and 12 intermediate cars. These include four cars first class, including the service car with the conductors' compartment (numbered 9,......