Ikhtiyar Uddin Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji

Ikhtiyar Uddin Muhammad Bin Bakhtiyar Khilji

Ikhtiyar Uddin Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji

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Ikhtiyar Uddin Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji (, ), also known as Malik Ghazi Ikhtiyaru 'l-Din Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji. He was a Turkic military general of Qutb-ud-din Aybak.

Early life

IIkhtiyar Uddin Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji, also known as Malik Ghazi Ikhtiyaru 'l-Din Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji, a member of the Muslim Khilji tribe, who was head of the militant group that conquered much of northeastern India.

Rise

Khalji came from the town of Garmsir in southern Afghanistan. Tradition has it that Khalji's conquest of the Bengal at the head of 18 horsemen was foretold. It is held that he was of common birth, had long arms extending below his knees, a short physical stature and an unfavorable countenance. He was first appointed as the Dewan-i-Ard at Ghor. Then he approached India in about the year 1193 and tried to enter in the army of Qutb-al-Din. Then he went further eastward and took a job under Maklik Hizbar al-Din who was then the commander of the militant group of Badayun in northern India. After a short period he went to Oudh where Malik Husam al-Din, recognized him for his worth. Husam gave a landed estate in the south-eastern corner of modern Mirzapur district. Khilji gathered some Muslims under his banner and soon consolidated his position, carrying out raids into neighboring territories.

Conquests

Khalji's career took flight with a campaign which subjugated Bihar in 1203. This effort earned him political clout in the court at Delhi. The next year he...
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