The Immigration Department
(, known as 人民入境事務處 before the 1997 transfer of sovereignty
) of the Government of Hong Kong
is responsible for immigration control of Hong Kong
. After the People's Republic of China assumed sovereignty of the territory in July 1997, Hong Kong's immigration system remained largely unchanged from its British predecessor model. Residents from mainland China
do not have the right of abode
in Hong Kong, nor can they enter the territory freely, both before and after 1997. There are different regulations that apply to residents of Macau
, another Special Administrative Region of China. In addition, visa-free entry
acceptance regulations into Hong Kong for passport holders of some 170 countries remain unchanged before and after 1997.
In a special arrangement, although Hong Kong's residents of Chinese descent are defined as citizens of the People's Republic of China
, as stipulated by the Basic Law, Hong Kong's Immigration Department is independently responsible for issuing Hong Kong SAR passports
for Hong Kong residents who are also PRC citizens seeking international travel.
Prior to the 1950s, immigration to Hong Kong was not controlled by the government of Hong Kong, but the end of World War II
saw an influx of migrants from China to Hong Kong.
From 1949 to 1961, registration of persons with identification was required under the Registration of Persons Ordinance 1949
and established a Commissioner of Registration
Until the... Read More