Indian Health Service
(IHS) is an Operating Division (OPDIV) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
(HHS). IHS is responsible for providing medical and public health
services to members of federally recognized Tribes and Alaska Natives. IHS is the principal federal health care provider and health advocate for Indian people, and its goal is to raise their health status to the highest possible level. IHS provides health care to American Indians and Alaska Natives at 33 hospitals, 59 health centers, and 50 health stations. Thirty-four urban Indian
health projects supplement these facilities with a variety of health and referral services.
A 2010 report by Senate Committee on Indian Affairs Chairman Byron Dorgan, D-N.D., found that the Aberdeen Area of the Indian Health Service(IHS) is in a "chronic state of crisis." "Serious management problems and a lack of oversight of this region have adversely affected the access and quality of health care provided to Native Americans in the Aberdeen Area, which serves 18 tribes in the states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Iowa," according to the report.
Formation and mission
IHS was established in 1955 to take over health care of American Indian and Alaska Natives from the Bureau of Indian Affairs
.The provision of health services to members of federally recognized tribes
grew out of the special government-to-government relationship between... Read More