Indian Penal Code
: भारतीय दण्ड संहिता, Urdu
: تعزیراتِ ہند, Tāzīrāt-e-Hind
) is the main criminal code
of India. It is a comprehensive code, intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law
. It was drafted in 1860 and came into force in colonial India during the British Raj
in 1862. It has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.
After independence, Indian Penal Code was inherited by Pakistan
(now called Pakistan Penal Code
) and Bangladesh
, formerly part of British India. It was also adopted wholesale by the British colonial authorities in Burma
, Sri Lanka
, and remains the basis of the criminal codes in those countries.
The draft of the Indian Penal Code was prepared by the First Law Commission. It was chaired by Lord Macaulay
. Its basis is the law of England freed from superfluities, technicalities and local peculiarities. Suggestions were also derived from the French Penal Code and from Livingstone's Code of Louisiana. The draft underwent a very careful revision at the hands of Sir Barnes Peacock
, Chief Justice, and puisne Judges of the Calcutta Supreme Court
who were members of the Legislative Council
, and was passed into law on Oct 6,1860, unfortunately Macaulay did not survive to see his masterpiece enacted into a law.
The Indian Penal Code was submitted to the Governor-General of India in Council in 1837, but was not... Read More