The Indian Rhinoceros
) is also called Greater One-horned Rhinoceros
and Asian One-horned Rhinoceros
and belongs to the Rhinocerotidae
family. Listed as a vulnerable species
, the large mammal
is primarily found in parts of north-eastern India
and in protected areas in the Terai
, where populations are confined to the riverine grasslands
in the foothills of the Himalayas
. Weighing between 2260 kg to 3000 kg, it is the fourth largest land animal and has a single horn, which measures in length.
The Indian rhinoceros once ranged throughout the entire stretch of the Indo-Gangetic Plain
but excessive hunting reduced their natural habitat drastically. Today, about 3,000 rhinos live in the wild, 2,000 of which are found in India's Assam
alone.Sarma, P.K., Talukdar, B.K., Sarma, K., Barua, M. (2009) Assessment of habitat change and threats to the greater one-horned rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam, using multi-temporal satellite data.
Pachyderm No. 46 July–December 2009: 18-24
In size, one-horned rhinos are equal to the African white rhinos
; together they are the largest of all rhino species. Fully grown males are larger than females, weighing from . Female one-horned rhinos weigh about . They are from tall and can be up to long. The record-sized specimen weighed approximately .
The... Read More