The indigenous peoples of Oceania
are those peoples identified as indigenous peoples
, as per the modern global definition of the term.
Many of the present-day Pacific Island
nations in the Oceania
region were originally populated by Polynesian
peoples over the course of thousands of years. European colonial expansion in the Pacific
brought many of these under non-indigenous administration. During the 20th century several of these former colonies gained independence and nation-states were formed under local control. However, various peoples have put forward claims for indigenous recognition where their islands are still under external administration; examples include the Chamorros
and the Northern Marianas
, and the Marshallese
of the Marshall Islands
and the Native Hawaiians
In New Zealand
, the indigenous Māori
(see also Iwi
) constitute nearly 15% of the total population. Most of those people that define themselves as Māori are also of European and to a much lesser extent Asian descent.
The indigenous peoples of Australia
are the Indigenous Australians
, who account for 2.4% of the total population (2001 census figures).
The independent state of Papua New Guinea
has a majority population of indigenous societies, with some 700+ different tribal groups recognised out of a total population of just over 5 million. The PNG Constitution and other Acts identify traditional or custom-based practices and land tenure, and explicitly sets out... Read More