The Indira Gandhi Canal
is one of the biggest canal projects in India.It starts from the Harike Barrage at Sultanpur, a few kilometers below the confluence of the Sutlej
rivers in Punjab
state. It runs south-southwest in Punjab and Haryana
but mainly in Rajasthan
for a total of 650 kilometers and ends near at Ramgarh, near Jaisalmer
, in Rajasthan. Kanwar Sain
the Chief engineer of Bikaner
state was the first to come up the idea of the canal.
Its construction started on the 31st March,1958, inaugurated by then Home Minister Govind Ballabh Pant
. It was built with the aim of converting part of the Thar desert
from wasteland to agriculturally productive land. It was earlier known as the Rajasthan Canal. The name was changed on the 2nd Nov,1984.
It uses water released from the Pong dam
and provides irrigation facilities to the north-western region of Rajasthan, a part of the Thar Desert
. It consists of the Rajasthan feeder canal (with the first 167 km in Punjab
and the remaining 37 km in Rajasthan) and 445 km of the Rajasthan main canal which is entirely within Rajasthan. The IGNP traverses seven districts of Rajasthan: Barmer, Bikaner, Churu, Hanumangarh, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, and Sriganganagar.
The Green revolution in Rajasthan
After the construction of the Indira Gandhi Canal, irrigation facilities were available over an area of 6770 km² in Jaisalmer
district and 37 km² in Barmer
district.Irrigation had already been provided in an area of 3670 km²... Read More