Indo-Mauritian

Indo-Mauritian

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Indo-Mauritian

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Description:
Indo-Mauritians are people of Indian descent living on the island of Mauritius, where they represent a majority comprising 68% of the population according to the July 2007 statistics. There is also a significant migrant population of Bhumihar Brahmin in Mauritius who have made a mark for themselves in different fields and they are still in touch with their family members in India and there are instances of marital relations between them to keep their cultural identity intact. However, a significant proportion came from other parts of the subcontinent.

Indentured Labourers

The first of these Indians arrived to the Immigration Depot in 1834 as indentured labourers to work the sugarcane fields. They were often referred to as "coolies", working under a leader known as "Sardaar". They were mostly immigrants from Bhojpuri-speaking areas (including both Hindus and Muslims) but to a much lesser extent from regions such as Gujarat and Bombay. Tamil and Telugu came some decades before, probably brought by the French, as laborers.

Later immigrants

After having abandoned the Indentured labourer system...
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