are people of Indian
descent living on the island of Mauritius
, where they represent a majority comprising 68% of the population according to the July 2007 statistics. There is also a significant migrant population of Bhumihar Brahmin
who have made a mark for themselves in different fields and they are still in touch with their family members in India
and there are instances of marital relations between them to keep their cultural identity intact. However, a significant proportion came from other parts of the subcontinent.
The first of these Indians arrived to the Immigration Depot
in 1834 as indentured
labourers to work the sugarcane
fields. They were often referred to as "coolies
", working under a leader known as "Sardaar". They were mostly immigrants from Bhojpuri
-speaking areas (including both Hindus
) but to a much lesser extent from regions such as Gujarat
came some decades before, probably brought by the French, as laborers.
After having abandoned the Indentured labourer system... Read More