is a proposed language family
consisting of Indo-European
A genetic relationship
between Indo-European and Uralic was first proposed by the Danish linguist Vilhelm Thomsen
in 1869 (Pedersen 1931:336) but was received with little enthusiasm. Since then, the predominant opinion in the linguistic community has remained that the evidence for such a relationship is insufficient. However, a minority of linguists has always taken the contrary view (e.g. Henry Sweet
, Holger Pedersen
, Björn Collinder
, Warren Cowgill
and Jochem Schindler
There are two distinct questions here (cf. Greenberg 2005:325):
(1) Are Indo-European and Uralic genetically related?
(2) If so, do Indo-European and Uralic constitute a valid genetic node? The Eurasiatic
hypotheses both consider Indo-European and Uralic (or Uralic–Yukaghir
) to be genetically related. However, the Indo-Uralic hypothesis in the strict sense is distinct from this: it maintains that Indo-European and Uralic have an especially close
genetic relationship, and does not necessarily include assertions that Indo-European and Uralic are related to any other language families.
At the same time, most of the supporters of a relationship between Indo-European and Uralic have also supported their relationship to additional language families, leading some to regard Indo-Uralic as a subset of the larger Nostratic hypothesis.
This article focuses on question (1), genetic relationship, and only treats incidentally of... Read More