The Indonesian Democratic Party
) was one of the two state-approved parties during the New Order
era of the late 20th-century in Indonesia
Ten political parties participated in the 1971 legislative elections
, a number that President Suharto
considered to be too much. Suharto wished that political parties be reduced to just two or three and that the parties should be grouped based on their programs.
The basis for the merger that would result in the birth of PDI was a coalition of the five Nationalist and non-Islamic Parties in the People's Representative Council
(DPR) called the Democracy Development Faction. This faction consisted of the Indonesian National Party
(PNI), the League of the Supporters of Indonesian Independence
(IPKI), Murba Party
), the Indonesian Christian Party
), Catholic Party
On the 10th January 1973, as part of Suharto's program to reduce political parties, these five parties were merged to form PDI.
The PNI, the largest of the PDI's five parties, and the legatee of Sukarno, had its base in East and Central Java
. IPKI had been strongly anti-PKI in the Old Order in contrast to the once-leftist Partai Murba. Even more heterogeneous than the United Development Party
(PPP), the PDI, with no common ideological link other than the commitment to the Pancasila
as its sole principle, was faction-ridden and riven with personality disputes.
This factionalism was displayed in the 1977 Legislative... Read More