The Indonesian Marine Corps
) is the Indonesian National Navy
's ground troops
. It was created on 15 November 1945, and is the country's main amphibious warfare
force and quick reaction force against enemy invasion.
Kormar has been active in various military operations in Indonesia. One of the largest amphibious military operations was Operation Jayawijaya in which thousands of marines landed in West Irian
in the early 1960s as a part of the Trikora campaign to take West Irian from Dutch
In 1999 a plan was proposed to expand the Kormar from its strength of 13,000 troops. Based on this plan, every Kormar's base would have three combat brigades
: the Infantry
, and Artillery
and would be supported by one Combat
Support Regiment and one Administration Support Regiment
. The expansion will create three Kormar bases: Surabaya
for Eastern area command, Jakarta
for Central area command, and Rate Island in Lampung
for Western area command. Now the Indonesian Marine Corps has an estimated 29,000 troops in 2 marine force or (PASMAR) equal to division in the army and one infantry marine regiment.
thumb||Korps Marinir Colors Guards
2 Marine Forces plus one independent brigade (forming as part of Ten Year Defence Plan 2004-13)
- 1st Marine Force (HQ : Surabaya Marine Base)
- 1st Marine Infantry Brigade with 1st, 3rd, and 5th Marine Infantry Battalions
- 1st Marine Cavalry Regiment
- 1st Marine Artillery Regiment
- 1st Marine Combat Support......