The Indus River Delta
(), forms where the Indus River
flows into the Arabian Sea
. The delta covers an area of about 16,000 square miles (41,440 km²), and is approximately 130 miles across where it meets the sea. Unlike many other deltas, the Indus River Delta consists of clay
and other infertile soils
, and is very swampy. The delta receives between 10 and 20 inches of rainfall in a normal year.Pakistan
's fifth largest city, Hyderabad
, lies about 130 miles north of the mouths of the Indus. Towns are found throughout the delta, but there are no large cities on the delta south of Hyderabad. Karachi
, Pakistan's largest city, lies west of the delta on the coast of the Arabian Sea.
Average temperatures for the delta region in July range from 70 - 85 °F, and 50 - 70 °F in January. The Indus River Delta is an important region for migrating water birds
, and is an area rich in freshwater fauna
. Fish found in the delta include the Hilsa
, Indus baril, Indus garua (a catfish
), the giant snakehead, golden mahaseer and the Rita catfish.
Indus Delta was designated a Ramsar site
on November 5, 2002.
- redtailcanyon.com -
- World Atlas, Millennium Edition, pg 265.
- World Wildlife.org -