Intergovernmental Council of Copper Exporting Countries

Intergovernmental Council Of Copper Exporting Countries

Intergovernmental Council of Copper Exporting Countries

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The Intergovernmental Council of Countries Exporters of Copper (CIPEC) (French Conseil intergouvernemental des pays exportateurs de cuivre) was created in 1967 in Lusaka with the objective of coordinating policies of the country members looking for growth in the revenues coming from copper.

Composition

It was initially constituted with four members:

A further four were added to the cartel in 1975

CIPEC represented around 30% of the world's refined copper, and more than 50% of the proven reserves of copper. The intent of the members to get higher prices failed, particularly of increasing the price during the crisis of 1975-1976, and the subsequent change of behavior of Chile finally finished the cartel.

Many experts consider that the market power of this cartel was negligible, because the residual demand that they faced was elastic (much higher than OPEC, for example). The inability of coordinating output cutbacks during the extensive period of life of CIPEC seems to validate this hypothesis. It was dissolved in 1988.

CIPEC stages

There are three stages of the CIPEC that economist recognizes:

  • Nationalization stage (1967-1973)
  • Unilateral Action stage (1973-1976)
  • Reflux stage (1976-1988)


Environmental conditions for CIPEC

The OPEC embargo marked a turning point in the history of the international copper trade, waking up the countries that depended strongly on their exports of...
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