The International Communist League
(LCI) was a Trotskyist political party
. It was founded as the October Group
, by a split in the Indochinese Bolshevik-Leninist Group
, which also produced the Struggle Group
. The group acquired its name from its journal, Thang muoi
The October Group supported but did not join La Lutte
, a united front
of the Struggle Group and the Indochinese Communist Party
(PCI), as it would have had to withhold its criticisms of the PCI.
The October Group grew rapidly and began publishing a newspaper
, Le Militant
. This was suppressed by the colonial government in 1937
for supporting strike
. As a result, they again began publishing October
, along with a new newspaper, Tia Sang
, which in 1939 became a daily - perhaps the world's first daily Trotskyist newspaper.
With the outbreak of World War II
, the leading figures in the group were arrested and the organisation banned. Activity did not resume until August 1944
, when it was renamed the "International Communist League".
The LCI fully supported the workers' uprising against colonial rule at the end of the war. It organised committees to take power in over 150 towns. Its membership grew rapidly, and it was able to establish printing presses
. However, an attempt to organise an assembly of the committees in Saigon
was broken up by Chief of Police Duong Bach Mai
with the support of the PCI.
When a French expeditionary force arrived, the LCI organised a workers' militia
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