The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
(initially known as the League of Red Cross Societies) is a humanitarian
institution that is part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
along with the ICRC
and 186 distinct National Societies
. Founded in 1919 and based in Geneva
, it coordinates activities between the National Societies in order "to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
. October 1999. On an international level, the Federation leads and organizes, in close cooperation with the National Societies, relief assistance missions responding to large-scale emergencies.
In 1919, representatives from the National Red Cross Societies of Britain, France, Italy, Japan, and the US came together in Paris to found the League of Red Cross Societies
(LORCS) whose stated goal was "to strengthen and unite, for health activities, already-existing Red Cross Societies and to promote the creation of new Societies".IFRC: .
The original idea was Henry Davison
's, then president of the American Red Cross
and he was assisted by the British general Sir David Henderson
who became the Director-General. This move, led by the American Red Cross, expanded the international activities of the Red Cross Movement beyond the strict... Read More