The International Narcotics Control Board
(INCB) is the independent and quasi-judicial
control organ for the implementation of the United Nations
drug conventions. It plays an important role in monitoring enforcement of restrictions on narcotics
and in deciding which precursor
should be regulated.
The Board had predecessors since the time of under the League of Nations
. It all started in 1909 in Shanghai with the International Opium Commission, the first international drug control conference. The International Opium Convention
of 1925 established the Permanent Central Board (first known as the Permanent Central Opium Board and then as the Permanent Central Narcotics Board). That Board started its work in 1929. After the dissolution of the League, the 1946 Protocol Amending the Agreements, Conventions and Protocols on Narcotic Drugs
concluded at The Hague on 23 January 1912, at Geneva on 11 February 1925 and 19 February 1925, and 13 July 1931, at Bangkok on 27 November 1931 and at Geneva on 26 June 1936, created a Supervisory Body to administer the estimate system. The functions of both bodies were merged into the Board by the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs
. The composition of the Board under the Single Convention was strongly influenced by the 1946 treaty.
of the Single Convention provides that the Board shall endeavour... Read More