The Iran-Iraq boundary
runs for 1,458 kilometers, from the Shatt al-Arab
(known as Arvand Rud in Iran) waterway to the tripoint boundary with modern Turkey
at the Kuh e-Dalanper. Although the boundary was first determined in 1639, certain disputes fester, particularly disputes surrounding navigation on the Shatt al-Arab waterway. The currently binding treaty, the Algiers Agreement
has been in force since signed by both nations in 1975 and ratified by both nations in 1976.
The boundary begins in the Persian Gulf
at the "lowest point of low water" at the mouth of the Shatt al-Arab
.) It then closely following the thalweg
of the Shatt al-Arab for some 105 kilometers in a series of short straight line segments, reaching the confluence of the Shatt al-Arab and the Nahr al-Khayin tributary. From there it winds northward, following a series of boundary markers across plain and hill, through the Zagros Mountains
Nahr at-Tib, and Nahr Wadi. It meets the boundary with Turkey at 37° 08' 44" N and 44° 47' 05" E.
The boundary dates back to the 1639 Zohab Treaty between the Ottoman Empire
, which controlled Iraq, and Persia
. The agreement stipulated that the boundary would run between the Zagros Mountains and the Tigris River
. In 1724, the Ottomans rejected the boundary-line and invaded Persia, but when peace was finally concluded in 1746, the two states recognized the 1639 boundary as official. This was... Read More