- For the studio album by American thrash metal band Overkill, see Ironbound .
is a large working-class neighborhood in Newark, New Jersey
. This close-knit, multi-ethnic community covers approximately four square miles (10 km²). Historically, the area was called "Dutch Neck," "Down Neck," or simply "the Neck," because of the way the Passaic River
curved to form what looked like a neck. Today, the neighborhood is sometimes referred to as "Little Portugal" or "New Jersey's Portugal" owing to its large Portuguese
community.Burros, marian. , The New York Times
, October 7, 1987. Accessed January 5, 2008. The Ironbound is part of Newark's East Ward and is directly east of Penn Station
and Downtown Newark
, and south and west of the river.
The name "Ironbound" was once said to have originated from the many forges and foundries that were found in this area during the latter half of the 19th century, however, the name probably came from the rail tracks that surrounded the area when the railroads were constructed during the 1830s.
The Ironbound was an industrial neighborhood in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Workers at Benjamin Moore paints, Ballantine
Beer, the Murphy Varnish Company
and Conmar Zippers lived next to railroad and port workers. The neighborhood was also home to Hensler's Beer Brewery and Pride of Newark ("P.O.N.") beer by the Feigenspan......