Ironwood Forest National Monument

Ironwood Forest National Monument

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Ironwood Forest National Monument

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<!-- Note: site is not listed in IUCN database, but appears to conform with Category III -->

Ironwood Forest National Monument is located in the Sonoran Desert and the U.S. state of Arizona. Created by Bill Clinton by Presidential Proclamation 7320 on June 9, 2000, the 129,022&nbsp;acre (522&nbsp;kmĀ²) monument is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, an agency within the U.S. Department of the Interior. Although the National Monument status applies only to federal lands, the monument perimeter surrounds about contiguous of federal and private land holdings, including Arizona State School Trust lands.

A significant concentration of Ironwood (also known as Desert Ironwood, Olneya tesota) trees is found in the monument, along with two federally recognized endangered animal and plant species. More than 200 Hohokam and Paleoindian archaeological sites have been identified in the monument, dated between 600 and 1450.

Flora and fauna


See also: Flora of the Sonoran Deserts
An array of flora are present in the Ironwood Forest National Monument. The higher elevations have the Pinyon-juniper woodland plant community. The lower elevations are in the Sonoran Desert ecoregion. One of the notable trees native here is the Elephant tree, Bursera microphylla. Small populations of the endangered Nichols Turk's Head Cactus, although not found among Ironwood trees, occur in very localized limestone-rich areas...
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