For Isabella of England, the daughter of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, see Isabella de Coucy.Isabella of England
, also called Elizabeth
(1214 – 1 December 1241) was an English princess and, by marriage, Holy Roman Empress
, German Queen
, and Queen consort of Sicily.
She was the fourth child but second daughter of King John of England
and Isabella of Angoulême
Wife of Frederick II
It was at a friendly meeting at Rieti
where Pope Gregory IX
suggested to Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
, that he marry princess Isabella, a sister of Henry III of England
. At first Frederick II was concerned to lose his French allies; but when he realised that an English marriage would end English support for his opponents, he agreed. The betrothal was formalized in London on February 1235.
The beautiful Isabella was about twenty-one years old when she set out to marry the twice-widowed Emperor Frederick II, who was forty. On her way through Cologne
, she delighted the local women when she removed the traditionally worn veil so that they could see her face.
Marriage and Death
The marriage between Isabella and Frederick took place in Worms Cathedral
on 15 or 20 July 1235; in the ceremony, she was also crowned Holy Roman Empress, Queen of Germany and Sicily. Her dowry was 30,000 marks of silver (a considerable sum at the time) and she was granted the castle of Monte Sant'Angelo by her husband upon her marriage.
However, as soon as she was married she was... Read More