The Israeli Central Elections Committee
(, Va'adet HaBehirot HaMerkazit
) is the body charged under the Knesset Elections Law
of 1969 to carry out the elections for the upcoming Knesset
. The committee is composed of Knesset members (and delegates) representating various parliamentary groups and is chaired by a Supreme Court Justice. Tasks for the committee include the authorization of party lists running for the Knesset, election financing, and publication and appeals of election results.
In 1985, the Knesset approved a law which, for the first time, allowed the committee to disqualify a party list
on the grounds of its ideological platform. The law allowed the committee to bar parties from elections that negate the existence of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state
, made incitements to racism
, or supported the armed struggle of an enemy state or terrorist organization against the state of Israel. The first provision, dealing with the existence of Israel as a Jewish state, has been the most controversial since it is possible that parties favoring a one-state solution
could be banned under it.
1988 Party Bans
The committee decided to ban the Progressive List for Peace
(PLP) and the Kach Party
in 1988. The former was banned for allegedly negating the existence of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state; the later party was banned because... Read More