Isthmus of Perekop

Isthmus Of Perekop

Isthmus of Perekop

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The Isthmus of Perekop (; translit. Perekops'kyy pereshyyok; ; translit. Perekopskiy peresheek , ) is the narrow, 5-7 km wide strip of land that connects the peninsula of Crimea to the mainland of Ukraine. The isthmus is located between the Black Sea to the west and the Azov Sea the east. The isthmus takes its name from the Tatar fortress of Perekop.

The border between the Crimea republic and the Kherson Oblast runs though the northern part of the isthmus. The cities of Perekop, Armiansk, Suvorovo and Krasnoperekopsk are situated on the isthmus. The North Crimean Canal runs through the isthmus, supplying Crimea with fresh from the Dnieper River.

South of Perekop, there are rich salt ores which still are very important commercially for the region.

The strategic and commercial value of this area, together with the strategic value of being the gateway to Crimea, has made the isthmus the location of some particularly fierce battles. Both ancient Greeks and Crimean Tatars fortified the area, and in the 15th century the area was a colony of the maritime Republic of Genoa. In 1783 the area became a part of Russia, and in 1954, together with Crimea it was transferred to the Ukrainian Soviet Republic. Since that time it has remained Ukrainian territory.

In November 1920, during the Russian Civil War, a battle was fought here between Red Army and the White troops of Baron Wrangel, who was still controlling the Crimea. The Red Army turned out victorious, but 140,000 civilians fled over...
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