Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars

Italian Campaigns Of The French Revolutionary Wars

Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars

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The Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars (1792–1802) were a series of conflicts fought principally in Northern Italy between the French Revolutionary Army and a Coalition of Austria, Russia, Piedmont-Sardinia, and a number of other Italian states.

First Coalition (1792–1797)

In autumn 1792, several European powers formed the First Coalition against France. The first major operation, the annexation of Nice by some 30,000 French troops, was reversed when the Republican forces were withdrawn to deal with a revolt in Lyon, triggering a Piedmontese invasion of Savoy in mid-1793. With the suppression of the revolt in Lyon, General Kellermann managed to push back the Piedmontese with just 12,000 troops, winning engagements at Argentines and St Maurice in September and October of the same year.

The conflict soon escalated with Austrian and Neapolitan forces being mobilised for an invasion of southern France to recover Nice and strike into Provence. The Allied forces were reinforced by some 45,000 Austrians, Piedmontese, and Neapolitans supported by the Royal Navy. Before the Allies could launch this assault the new commander of the French Army of Italy launched the Saorgio Offensive, which was planned by the army's artillery commander, General Napoleone Buonaparte. This two-pronged French offensive drove back the Allied force, despite their strong positions and firmly captured the mountain passes that led intoPiedmont. A new offensive, again devised by General...
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