Italians in Egypt
, also referred to as Italian Egyptians
, are a community with a history that goes back to Roman
The last Queen of ancient Egypt (Cleopatra
) married the Roman Mark Antony
bringing her country as "dowry", and since then Egypt was part of the Roman Empire
for seven centuries. Many people from the Italian peninsula moved to live in Egypt during those centuries: the tombs of Christian Alexandria
shows how deep was that presence.
Since then there has been a continuous presence of people (born in the Italian peninsula) and their descendants in Egypt.
Origins of actual community
During the Middle Ages
Italian communities from the "Maritime Republics" of Italy
) were present in Egypt
as merchants. Since the Renaissance
the Republic of Venice
has always been present in the history and commerce of Egypt: there was even a Venetian Quarter
After Napoleon I
, the Italian community in Alexandria and Egypt started to grow in a huge way: the size of the community had reached around 55,000 just before World War II
, forming the second largest expatriate community in Egypt.
World War II
The expansion of the colonial Italian Empire
after World War I
was directed toward Egypt by Benito Mussolini
, in order to control the Suez Canal
.Davide Rodogno. Fascism's European Empire
The Italian "Duce" created in the 1930s some sections of the National......